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CAS NO.: 88495-63-0
Chemical Formula: C19H28O8
Molecular Weight: 384.4000
DMF&GMP status: Please contact us for more details.
Artesunate is a water-soluble, semi-synthetic derivative of the sesquiterpine lactone artemisinin with anti-malarial, anti-schistosomiasis, antiviral, and potential anti-neoplastic activities. Upon hydrolysis of artesunate's active endoperoxide bridge moiety by liberated heme in parasite-infected red blood cells, reactive oxygen species and carbon-centered radicals form, which have been shown to damage and kill parasitic organisms. Additionally, in vitro studies demonstrate that this agent induces DNA breakage in a dose-dependent manner. Artesunate has also been shown to stimulate cell differentiation, arrest the cell cycle in the G1 and G2/M phases, inhibit cell proliferation, and induce apoptosis through mitochondrial and caspase signaling pathways. Artemisinin is isolated from the plant Artemisia annua.

Artesunate is an artemisinin derivative that is the hemisuccinate ester of the lactol resulting from the reduction of the lactone carbonyl group of artemisinin. It is used, generally as the sodium salt, for the treatment of malaria. It has a role as an antimalarial. It is an artemisinin derivative, a sesquiterpenoid, a dicarboxylic acid monoester, a cyclic acetal, a semisynthetic derivative and a hemisuccinate.

Artesunate is indicated for the initial treatment of severe malaria. The World Health Organization recommends artesunate as first line treatment for severe malaria. Artesunate was developed out of a need for a more hydrophilic derivative of [artemisinin]. Artesunate was granted FDA approval on 26 May 2020.

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Active Ingredient Dosage Form; Route Strength Proprietary Name Applicant
Patent Data
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Exclusive Data
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NCE 05/26/2025
ODE-290 05/26/2027